Principales amenazas e iniciativas de conservación de la biodiversidad en Ecuador

Principales amenazas e iniciativas de conservación de la biodiversidad en Ecuador

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55813/gaea/jessr/v4/n1/85

Palabras clave:

Biodiversidad, Conservaci´ón, Amenaza, Reforestación

Resumen

Resumen: Este artículo aborda las principales amenazas a la biodiversidad en Ecuador y evalúa las iniciativas de conservación actuales. Utilizando un enfoque cualitativo de revisión bibliográfica, se analizaron datos secundarios y se realizaron entrevistas con expertos en conservación y biodiversidad. Los resultados indican que la deforestación, impulsada por la expansión agrícola, la minería y la extracción de petróleo, así como la contaminación del agua y del suelo, son las amenazas más significativas para la biodiversidad ecuatoriana. Las iniciativas de conservación, como los programas de reforestación, sistemas silvopastoriles y la implementación de las NDC y los ODS, han mostrado resultados prometedores, pero enfrentan desafíos en términos de implementación y participación comunitaria. La discusión se centra en las fortalezas y debilidades de estas estrategias, resaltando la necesidad de un enfoque más integrado y participativo. Se sugieren mejoras para aumentar la efectividad de las iniciativas de conservación. En conclusión, la protección de la biodiversidad en Ecuador requiere un enfoque holístico y colaborativo, abordando tanto las amenazas directas como las subyacentes, y es crucial para preservar la rica biodiversidad del país para las generaciones futuras.

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Publicado

31-01-2024

Cómo citar

Herrera-Feijoo, R. J. (2024). Principales amenazas e iniciativas de conservación de la biodiversidad en Ecuador. Journal of Economic and Social Science Research, 4(1), 33–56. https://doi.org/10.55813/gaea/jessr/v4/n1/85
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